The Birmingham Truce Agreement
On May 8 at .m May 4, white business leaders accepted most of the protesters` demands. However, political leaders have clung to it. The gap between businessmen and politicians became evident when business leaders admitted that they could not guarantee the release of prison protesters. On May 10, Fred Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King Jr. told reporters they had an agreement from the City of Birmingham to drop off lunch counters, toilets, fountains and locker rooms within 90 days and hire black people in stores as salesmen and employees. Those in prison would be released on recognizance or their own recognition. At Kennedy`s insistence, the United Auto Workers, the National Maritime Union, the United Steelworkers Union and the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) raised $237,000 in bail ($1,980,000 in 2020) to free the protesters.  Commissioner Connor and the outgoing Mayor condemned the resolution.  President Kennedy: First of all, we must have law and order so that the does not prey throughout the city… If the [local Birmingham Desegregation] agreement explodes, the other way we have on this condition is to send laws to this week`s Congress as our response… We need legislation to make it easier.  The “cessation of demonstrations” mentioned in the ceasefire came into force on the day of its signing on 10 May.
MAY 10, 1963 — Martin Luther King, Jr. and Fred Shuttlesworth announced the terms of an agreement to end the protests in Birmingham that day. Until May 10, negotiators had agreed on an agreement and, despite his departure with King, Shuttlesworth joined him and Abernathy in reading the prepared statement detailing the compromise: the removal of the “Whites Only” and “Blacks Only” signs from the toilets and drinking fountains, a plan to lift the noon counters, a “job improvement program for the Negers” , the creation of a Beer Committee to monitor the progress of the agreement. , and the release of protesters held on Bond (“The Birmingham Truce Agreement,” May 10, 1963). A.G. Gaston, who was appalled by the idea of using children, telephoned white lawyer David Vann, who tried to negotiate a solution to the crisis. When Gaston looked out the window and saw the children hit by high-pressure water, he said, “Lawyer Vann, I can talk to you now, or not at all.