General Agreement On Trade Related Services
The GATS, like all other Uruguay Round agreements, is an annex to the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. It therefore does not have its own signing and ratification process, but will come into force at the same time as the WTO agreement and all other annexes. There is no opt-out of the GATS: those who want to take advantage of the other elements of the Uruguay cycle must also respect the GATS. The GATS expressly recognizes the right of members to regulate service delivery by pursuing their own policy objectives. However, the agreement contains provisions to ensure that service rules are managed appropriately, objectively and impartially. See here for market access rules and service provision The GATS agreement has been criticised for replacing the authority of national law and justice with that of an GATS dispute resolution body that holds closed hearings. Spokespeople for WTO government members have an obligation to reject this criticism because they had previously pledged to recognize the benefits of the dominant trade principles of competition and “liberalization. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is the first multilateral agreement on trade in services. It was negotiated in the last round of multilateral trade negotiations, the Uruguay Round, and came into force in 1995.
The GATS provides a framework for the rules governing trade in services, sets a mechanism for countries to commit to liberalizing trade in services, and provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between countries. Each WTO member must have a specific timetable of commitments specifying the services for which the member guarantees market access and national treatment, as well as possible restrictions. The calendar can also be used to make additional commitments, for example. B with respect to the implementation of certain standards or regulatory principles. Commitments are made for each of the four types of service delivery. Some activist groups believe that GATS risks undermining the ability and authority of governments to regulate commercial activities within their own borders, which will lead to the flight of power from the commercial interests of citizens. In 2003, the GATSwatch network published a critical opinion, supported by more than 500 organizations in 60 countries.  At the same time, countries are not required to enter into international agreements such as the GATS.